Our Black News – Critical Thinking for the Advancement of Colored People
Monday June 18th 2018

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Legendary Star Trek Actress to Fly in NASA Mission at 82 Years Old

Boy's from all walks of life dreamed about Lt. Uhura (Nichelle Nichols). Fair use

Boy’s from all walks of life dreamed about Lt. Uhura (Nichelle Nichols). Fair use

Although she won’t be heading into the “Final Frontier,” Nichelle Nichols will be going on a NASA Observatory Mission this September. Nichols first starred as Lt. Uhura, Head of Communications for the USS Enterprise in Star Trek, almost 50 years ago.

 The 82-year old recently revealed the news on Reddit. “I was on a similar flight, the first air-born observatory, back in 1977,” Nichols explained on Reddit. “It’s an amazing experience. You get a totally different perspective than from earth.”

Nichols will be a passenger on the September 15 flight of NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). SOFIA is an aircraft equipped with a powerful telescope used to study the planet’s atmosphere and investigate comets. The surprising thing about all this is that she has only just recovered from a minor stroke in June.

Read more here on www.MaturallyMoi.com

Donald J. Trump with style and grace crushes the GOP presidential candidates in the first televised debate

Trump's White House...I bet you won't run a plane into that! (Photo: the new White House expansion.

Trump’s White House…I bet you won’t run a plane into that! (Photo: the new White House expansion.

Spoiler Alert: I just thought you should know. Don’t let pluralistic ignorance get in the way of supporting a winner.

By Donald Allen, Black Man, and Conservative – who does not drink the Republican establishment or Democrat Kool Aid

It was a massacre on national television. Matter of fact is was not fair in the least to the other unprepared candidates.

Mr. Donald J. Trump, billion-dollar businessman, entertainment mogul, star, father, husband and friend to NBA great Dennis “the Worm” Rodman trampled the Republican establishment LIVE on national television in the first GOP debate by putting waste to Jeb Bush, Scott Walker, Mike Huckabee, Rubio, Rand Paul, Christie, and Kasich.

Trump seemed to build an on-air coalition with the only black man running, Ben Carson; Ted Cruz and Trump sent signs and signals back and forth during the debate as if to tell American voters on the left and the right: The best is yet to come.

It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to see that Donald Trump is what Americans from all political parties and background have been waiting for…a man of high status, a businessman and someone that will say what needs to be said without biting his tongue. Already the dripping wet, bleeding left wing liberal media is trying to convince America television views that Trump’s candidacy is a farce, not worthy of any coverage. But we must ask, why did the mainstream media give Mr. Trump over a billion dollars in free advertising, marketing and public relations in an attempt to smear him on the six and ten? It didn’t work; Mr. Trump is way smarter than most major market media executives and sits at the top – by himself, like “someone at a Kennedy reunion” (Family Guy).

Americans should listen closely to the rhetoric by the mainstream media on Mr. Trump and finally figure out the media has never been a friend to poor, middle-class or wealthy; in most cases, the tube and the radio are just places to sell cars or talk about insurance…we all love Flo anyway.

The Republican Party of America, with their five black men and white-male patriarchal construct who never learned, nor wanted to learn about tearing the tent open will now see why someone like Mr. Trump; a man with the putz to do for America what she’s needed and wanted since the notorious Bill Clinton will have the support of whites, blacks, Hispanic, Asians, Somali’s, the poor, middle-class and those who want to work and be in the real America Dream.

The best part of this entertainment is watching the pretty blondes on Fox and other stations try to deconstruct something they never will touch or have in their lifetime…integrity.

Go Trump 2016!

Why all preschool children must be ready-to-read by Kindergarten

To succeed you must read. (photo: Henry's Freedom Box - Black History Month books for kids)

To succeed you must read. (photo: Henry’s Freedom Box – Black History Month books for kids)

Okay, I will play the central negative (devil’s advocate) and say if the Minneapolis /St. Paul Public Schools are spending over $20,000 per student in a classroom of 25, should parents and caregivers have their preschooler’s ready-to-read? If our young learners are not ready, should we (society) be looking at solving the constraints that stop our babies from being successful in their first public school engagement? It sounds easy, but the distractions in the Twin Cites are monumental.

By Don Allen, Publisher – Our Black News

Reading is one of the most important skills a person learns during its life, because it gives us the possibility to learn and interact with the world in a much more profound and personal way. Reading is an outstanding way to develop creativityand critical thinking abilities, while opening the eyes of the person to different types of ideas and cultures. Technology may change and the way get information may vary somehow, but reading has always been there and one way or another, it will still be there throughout the future. Since reading is such a primary way to understand the world, it is essential that our kids learn how to read and comprehend the texts as soon as they can in order to develop a higher cognitive development and a well-established love for reading.

Reading by Kindergarten offers advantages in almost every possible way you can think: It gives kids an ability that will develop their information processing skills and will open their eyes to appreciate things they couldn’t before. If kids learn how to read since they are really young, they have a much better chance to become regular readers and a much better disposition to enjoy this activity, which sometimes may seem like a pesky chore for many kids and teenagers in their formative years. Reading is also a part of learning a language and it is a very well-known fact how the sooner the child has contact with the language the better he/she will learn it, especially when considering a foreign language, so reading from an early age will provide them with a good advantage to become more proficient in any language learning process. As you can see, Kindergarten kids who know how to read will have many positive advantages and will make the best of their formal education.

Some people claim that learning how to read at such an early age isn’t actually the best option for children because they might still not be ready to perform such advance tasks and it might in fact interrupt their normal development. They point out how children, and particularly very young children, learn better through play-based experiences in language-rich environments that develop their ideas about symbols, oral language and the printed word, so reading represents a very unattractive idea to them and in way, it would be like forcing them to do something they might not like or they are not ready for at the moment, which is not positive in any way. In any case, there isn’t a conclusive argument to this, since there hasn’t been a formal study or research about it, but the idea here is not to disregard these remarks from many specialists and actually integrate them in a constructive way that will benefit the learning process of our children.

Teaching how to read at an early age can be done in many ways that don’t have to go in detriment of the children’s development process and our goal should be to prepare our professionals to perform these tasks effectively. Getting ready for kindergarten is a process that begins long before kindergarten starts. By initiating early and learning new skills along the way, children will have a stronger start to the exciting year of learning that lies ahead. Parents and educators that work with very young kids should focus in learning more about what activities excite and frustrate your child, because this will give them the right perspective and ideas to implement activities that are better suited for each child. This represents the key element that will provide us with the right tools to undertake the challenge of teaching kids how to read by kindergarten, because it means we are going to adapt the educational process to the needs and the particularities of each child, and this adaptation is a natural one, so it doesn’t disrupt their cognitive development at all, because it works around them.

Of course many children are not developmentally ready to read by kindergarten and you will find many disparities, since every child is a different world, but if we focus the right educational experiences geared around their mental development level by also being in tune with their learning needs and cultures, we could be able to achieve it successfully and this is a game changer element because it would mean we could find a way to make sure almost every child learns how to read at such an early stage. Just imagine the learning progression children could have through their lives if they dominate this essential skill before kindergarten: we are talking about the possibility to create better students with superior comprehension capabilities, as well as improved data and idea processing, which will give them an edge in almost every aspect in their life and improve our society as a whole.

More targeting of black residents by Minneapolis City Council

The Minneapolis City Council is attacking baseball hats, doo-rags, Bowler hats and anything covering your head. Murder, crime, education and jobs sit on the back burner. In our opinion, this is just the start of cleaning up downtown Minneapolis in preparation for the Super Bowl and other events related to the 2016 opening of the U.S. Bank Stadium (formally, The People’s Stadium).

Posted by Don Allen (Source: Email via Chuck Turchick)

Minneapolis, Minn – To add injury to insult, the City Council has repealed the lurking ordinance and the spitting ordinance; Council Member Andrew Johnson is going for the hat trick. He wants to repeal the ordinance prohibiting the wearing of hats or any headgear in theaters, auditoriums and places of amusement. A public hearing is going to be set for August 12.

Repealing obsolete ordinances and statutes is old hat for politicians on the rise, so don’t be surprised if Mr. Johnson is about to throw his hat into the ring for some higher office.

But hold onto your hats, folks. Maybe I’m talking through my hat, but it seems to me the current ordinance really isn’t all that clear as to whether it prohibits all hats or just hats that interfere with another person’s view.

And if City Council hearings — in particular, hearings on stadiums — could be characterized as “places of amusement,” I’ll eat my hat if anyone wearing Vikings headgear at such a hearing is ever told to take his or her horns off, or face a charge under the current ordinance. Some people I know were mad as a hatter at that blatant — in fact, televised — flouting of the ordinance.

All in all, though, with hat in hand, I say, “Hat’s off to Council Member Andrew Johnson.”


Community Meetings: Auditioning for Dollars

Really, what is the African American Leadership Forum doing for/with/to the black community. Let somebody have a party with liquor and dancing…everyone will show up for the party, never for the cause.

By Don Allen, Publisher – Our Black News

I stopped attending community meetings about two-years ago. The meetings were not productive and most of the time they were used for headcounts in someone’s bottom-line receiving money to address God knows what disparity in the black community.

If you notice, there is a pattern in the Twin Cities black community among it’s leadership and those carrying the torch for some kind of funding to make something go away…supposedly – in the end, nothing is complete, nor is it addressed in a process that would show a successful measurable outcomes…just look at the Minneapolis Urban League’s massive fail on the 13th grade concept; a program doomed to fail from the very beginning.

How does the black community survive these massive fails in education, public safety and economic development sometimes perpetrated by the people that look like us? To start, it will never because some of the usual suspects had a meeting…divisive, exclusionary and an ongoing foundational fail-challenge that has plagued black Minnesotans far too long.

Noted author and race scholar Tim Wise told an audience in St. Paul in 2013, “Just because a group of folk meet about an issue doesn’t mean any action will be taken.”

I lean in agreement with Dr. Wise’ testimony because in the Twin Cities, we have seen, and attended meetings about public safety, economic development, education, diabetes and a host of other black disparities that are out-of-whack with mainstream Minnesota, but yet – there are no visible markers that would denote success. Still today, in a random survey taken by IBNN, the parent organization to Our Black News, over 47 of the 83 black people asked if they had insurance through MNSure said they did not. This is after hundreds of thousands of dollars were directed to black agencies that represented communities, churches and local business to sign up black folk.

In a story from Minnesota Public Radio, the black community criticized MNSure for ignoring the needs of the black community: “Some said MNsure’s initial failure to award grants to organizations that specifically serve African-Americans and Somalis had created mistrust and suspicion. The board has made an extra $750,000 available for more grants.”

OBN attests the $750,000, no matter how it was divided up in the black community didn’t reach as planned – but somebody got one hell of a paycheck (again) for missing the needs of the many.

In the last 24 hours, Minneapolis has seen two murders (if not more), and many shootings in the black community. While the mayor travels, black leadership has been silent about the latest rounds of killings. But hell, there’s always a group who wants to seem important – they will have a meeting.

Part I: The Twin Cities is no closer to becoming a Ferguson, MO then a horse turning into a duck…What really matters?

Sometimes asking why is viewed as attacking, I hope nobody’s that stupid enough to think that way. Pluralistic ignorance has overcome our community; only a central negative can break the groupthink. http://ourblacknews.com/?p=288

Related stories:

The Hoodlum Manifesto of the Achievement Gap

The New Black, Bullets and Racism

White Threat, Black Sweat: A Manifesto of America’s Consciousness 

By Don Allen, Publisher – Our Black News

While black people in the Twin Cities continue to beat, rob, shoot and murder their brothers and sisters – known as black-on-black crime, organizers in the Minneapolis #blacklivesmatter social cabal are waiting for that one law enforcement officer; that white law enforcement officer, to shoot down an unarmed black person. Of course this does not apply to any other race of people being shot and killed by the police because in some circles of the “matters” rhetoric, #alllivesmatter seems to be an insult to this movement. If #blacklivesmatter, then why don’t the lives of black people killed by black people matter in the Twin Cities?

I guess my first question: Why does Dr. Nekima Levy-Pounds, ‪(#‎blacklivesmatter and president of the Minneapolis NAACP) keep telling people in interviews, panels and community meetings that the Twin Cities is one police shooting away from a Ferguson, MO?

Well, there has been several black-on-black shootings and just on Saturday night (7/25/15), a Minneapolis policeman shot a man in downtown Minneapolis who was rumored to have a gun. So my question is where are the protesters and why are some trying to start a riot in Minnesota? Some community members, political and civil rights activists know you all of these folks want to be on the news, or you might be trying to raise that money $$. But there has to be better ways to pimp the local mainstream media at the risk of losing more black lives…remember you’re no Donald Trump.

Remember, the NAACP, founded in 1909, the NAACP is the nation’s oldest and largest civil rights organization. The say from the ballot box to the classroom, the thousands of dedicated workers, organizers, leaders and members who make up the NAACP continues to fight for social justice for all Americans.

If dedicated workers and effective followers are being marginalized by leadership, locally and nationally in the organization, than members who make up the NAACP really continue to fight for justice, freedom and a piece of the dream? Or is this just a smokescreen to hide the fact the Minneapolis NAACP has been compromised by #blacklivesmatter, a movement stuck in a direction headed downward.

For years I have admired and respected the work of Dr. Pounds. I have cited works by you in my award winning columns; I believed in you, your mission and the direction you wanted black Minnesotans to be headed in: Understanding justice and liberty for all. But when it is obvious, the only real mission the organizations you collaborate with have a focused mission on the Minneapolis police chief and the Minneapolis city council president; it makes me wonder what agenda these groups are working towards – hey, there have been plenty of black people shot, killed, robbed and maimed by other black people…but still you wait for that one, white, police, officer, and let Negroes die in the street. Praying over things are wonderful, but the same God you pray to is the same God that community member pray to everyday to change their circumstances.

Community activist Ms. Maleta Kimmons of One Family, One Community said, “You wanna be starting something. You know damn well there will never be a riot HERE! Half of the professional BLACK folks in this city are brought and paid for, so they not going to advocate or fight for nothing without a soft spoken word behind closed doors, secret squirrel-a** meetings. So stop playing because they’re not about that life to come at the police. But they’re good at cut throating each other real good.”

I think both versions of Twin Cities #blacklivesmatter and the NAACP’s should learn what cultural institutions have become, complacent and even complicit in this new custom in the things that matter?  Individuals still fear the police state will arrest them for legally protecting themselves while criminal’s advantage themselves in gun-free zones and gun control cities.  Families lose children to the Missing Persons List and Unresolved Homicide List while politicians speak of building a new recreation center to replace them.  Yea, founded in 1909; left behind in 2015.

Both organizations have not attacked the real issues or some important facts: Where there is lack of capital, poverty persists.  Where poverty increases, hopelessness endures.  Leaving only three options: flee, fight or persists.

Both groups know Minneapolis and St. Paul’s educational system is so corrupt that they have convinced parents to give drugs to perfectly healthy children in order to keep them motionless in the classroom.  Common core and “teaching to the test” have replaced individual victory plans for students.  Our state has put a price on failure and it comes to the budget table annually requesting an increase in its spending.  Unfortunately, we believe it more important to feed the “ideals” of education success and starve the “facts” of education performance.  We all suffer the misery of the results. Rather than trying to get the police out of the Minneapolis Public Schools (and failing), it seems like the above issue would be a better to address, and solve.

This is only part one of a four part question, “What really matters?”

UPDATE (7.22 – 13:14) – National Association of Black Journalist (NABJ) in Minneapolis; but will they patronize black businesses?

When black folks fail black folks. Welcome to Minnesota NABJ.

When black folks fail black folks. Welcome to Minnesota NABJ.

UPDATE: Tune into The Ron and Don Show tonight on #blogtalkradio as we discuss the historical significance of black businesses being alienated by black organizations. To listen at 8:30 p.m.  CST, click here.

Sometimes being a black professional is all about putting on that white-face mask to out-white the white folks at the expense of your own black people.

By Don Allen, Publisher – Our Black News (Member NABJ)

Once again, Minneapolis, Minn. will host an event with some of the best black professionals, this time from the world of journalism. The National Association of Black Journalist (NABJ) will hold it’s annual conference in Minneapolis from Aug. 5-9, including events at the controversial Mall of America. As a member in good standing, I am appalled by the NABJ ignoring black businesses in Minnesota.

It seems like somebody was not listening, or didn’t realize the atmosphere in the Twin Cites, which include racial tensions and the exclusion of black professionals inside of local media outlets, like anchors, reporters, sales and management. It is more likely for a black Minnesotan to get a job emptying trashcans at a local media outlet than getting a job is sales, promotion or management. If the NABJ did its homework, a different agenda might have emerged assisting black professionals in Minnesota. Yeah, I know, being sheep is one of the top qualities of some black organizations bound to loyalty by sponsorship dollars. Yes, there are a few solid people of color that worked hard to maintain inside of Minnesota Nice media, but they too have been limited by the proverbial glass ceiling of being sidekicks to the white-male patriarchal norm of mainstream media.

Author Ralph Ellison wrote, “All my life I had been looking for something, and everywhere I turned someone tried telling me what it was. I accepted their answers too, though they were often in contradiction and even self-contradictory” (Invisible Man).

In the Twin Cities some blacks are told what they are, where to go and who they can be. This is a sad documentary on defining humanity, culture and identity in a city where the indigenous black folks will let a national black organization come to two and not do any business with one black company or small business. The status quo of coonery in the Twin Cities and by some national organizations is to out-white the white man, but he already knows these types of professional blacks will stay lost within their environments, undeveloped, misinformed and of course misguided.

If the NABJ is keeping it real, they would lobby against some outlets for the lack of diversity among their ranks…but of course, this campaign would need some black ownership…

The facts are Black Americans own little to no corporate media.

When laid out more specifically, there are 1500 newspapers, 1100 magazines, 9000 radio station, 1500 TV stations, 2400 publishers owned by only three corporations according to Injustice Facts. Fair.Org reports the five largest networks are Time Warner (1997 sales: $24 billion), Disney ($22 billion), Bertelsmann ($15 billion), Viacom ($13 billion), and Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation ($11 billion). Yes, then we have OWN, the fledgling network allegedly owned by television talk queen and billionaire Oprah Winfrey. Winfrey, a huge Obama supporter, has walked in the same footsteps of the president, choosing to ignore the need for information distribution, ownership and a fair playing field focused in the core of black America.

Just ask ABC, NBC, CBS, Fox News or any of the many cable television news outlets: Black news is not important unless it takes part in a despicable act. Corporate news is a monster with many working parts – too many. While some might think CNN’s news series, “Black in America” might cover the news and plight of black America, believe it when I say, “Black in America” is the picture perfect series about the black dilemma made for white America by design. On the flip side, don’t look for any constructive African American news coverage on FOX either. Most news is about “white here, white now,” because if your are black, you must bleed to lead.

In closing, it’s okay if the members of the Twin Cities Black Journalist (Minnesota’s branch of the NABJ) do not send me email invites; I understand…with me representing my blackness as a strength, it might interfere with your perceptions and reality of your whiteness.

Robbinsdale Police officers allegedly blame a “Nigger” for the killing of north Minneapolis activist, beat visiting black father into coma; Minneapolis NAACP passes

The Minneapolis branch of the NAACP again becomes ineffective at dealing with primary and secondly tension.

The Minneapolis branch of the NAACP again becomes ineffective at dealing with primary and secondly tension.

North Memorial Hospital in Robbinsdale was the site of a vicious beating of an African American father who was at the hospital visiting a family member.

By Don Allen, Publisher – Our Black News

12:15 p.m. – Last night (7.18) at North Memorial Hospital the Powell family was at a hospital because of a family member being shot. Mr. John Powell the family patriarch, who was at the hospital, became the victim of police brutality at the hand of the Robbinsdale Police officers. He went to get his car and when he walked out of the hospital the Robbinsdale Police allegedly told Mr. Powell, “A nigger killed the white woman in north Minneapolis, “ made him get on his knees and commenced to beat Mr. Powell. He was beaten so badly, he was put into a drug-induced coma.

The Robbinsdale Police officers who have decided it was a “nigger” who killed a white north Minneapolis woman citing the beating was in return for her death, according to Mr. Powell and his wife. Both the Minneapolis and Robbinsdale police chiefs should be concerned about this miscarriage of justice.

The Minneapolis NAACP president was contacted and allegedly told a Star Tribune reporter they had no time to examine this. Reverend Jerry McAfee and community activist Spike Moss are planning to request a meeting with the president of the Minneapolis NAACP to get her mind right.

African Americans: American Society and Cultural Diversity

Our Black News Academic Press 2015

When was the last time you saw a black boy scout? #somethingisverywrong

When is the last time you saw a black boy scout? #somethingisverywrong

African Americans have lived here since they were transported by slave ships hundreds of years ago (McKnown-Johnsons & Rhodes, 2010, p. 109). Back in the 1910 – 1920s, many of the African Americans lived in the South but migrated into more industrialized cities, such as Chicago and Detroit, to gain employment in various manufacturing companies and factories, according to the 2000 census. If we look at this census and compare the numbers for African Americans to other races such as Hispanics/Latinos, we will find that African Americans now rank in the second spot for the largest minority group in the United States. Some of the most recent African Americans have come from places such as Haiti, Nigeria and Kenya in Africa (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 116).

In the 1500s, African Americans were thought of as being sinister and wicked due to the color of their skin (Skolnick & Currie, 2011, p. 50). In the late 1600s, African Americans made their first appearance in Virginia and became the primary source of labor supply and were then enslaved. Their life in America began working four to seven years for their owners to pay their way to America. Along with indentured slaves, they were forced to wear iron collars, tortured and often beaten during the years of slavery. They had to use passes to gain permission to leave their plantations and were punished severely if caught without them (Skolnick & Currie, 2011, p. 53). When African Americans had to face punishment for a crime, they were treated more severely than indentured slaves. White and black slaves were joining forces to escape the plantations. They were both receiving harsh punishments when caught but black slaves were always given more severe treatment for their crimes. Sometimes it was an extra form of torture such as added lashes to their whippings or extended time to their sentences (usually a lifetime) added to their time to be served as slaves to their owners. The courts started punishing African American slaves as “examples” for others who may follow in their footsteps (Skolnick & Currie, 2011, p. 55). They were prohibited from owning arms degraded, and treated as property by their plantation owners. Slave families were often separated by sale at the auction block and marriages between them were not legally recognized. Laws were developed to restrict slaves from having rights such as giving them books, including a Bible, and teaching them how to read. They could not sell or buy anything and other rights we enjoy today. If they did not obey these slave codes or laws, they faced severe punishment such as being whipped, mutilated, or even killed. For women, it meant being disgraced through repeated torture and rape (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 129). Slavery became wide-spread across the South and would hold strong until the Civil War (Takaki, 2008, p. 7). By this time, more than 500,000 Africans were brought to America (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 129).

The Civil War was the beginning of changes for African Americans when they were allowed to fight for freedom from slavery and inequality. At first, Lincoln was against the submission of African Americans into the army to fight. Once he saw that we were close to losing the war, he had no choice but to allow them to enlist and fight for freedom. If it had not been for African Americans, the Civil War would have been lost (Takaki, 2008, p. 15). Despite winning the Civil War, Africans still had a long fight ahead of them and faced many more battles. Their future was filled with lynching’s, race riots, what is known as the “Color Line”. Furthermore, they continued their fight for freedom as they joined forces with other races along the way (Takaki, 2008, p. 7).

The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 finally brought an end to slavery for African Americans. By 1868, the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution had permanently abolished slavery and further protected the rights of all slaves. This was short lived for in 1896, the Jim Crow Law imposed segregation in all economic, public and social areas that African Americans had fought so hard to gain equality in. Various forms of acts were carried out to control slaves and keep them from challenging these laws. Some of these acts included lynghings and arbitrary arrests (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 129).

Martin Luther King, Jr. had a dream that African Americans would become one with all Americans. That a time would come when there would be equality and freedom. Despite his dream, African Americans would continue to compete with other races in employment and equality. For example, during the early years of Americas expanding industrial economy the Irish felt heavy competition for employment and a place in society as they competed with African American slaves. The Irish were often given jobs that were far too dangerous for slaves and they were thought of as being inferior to African American slaves at the time. Therefore, the Irish would use the fact that their skins were white to gain an advantage over African Americans in the labor market (Takaki, 2008, p. 11).

Soon after Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke of his dream, the Civil Rights Act was passed by Congress and it led the way to fulfilling that dream. It wasn’t complete as much more needed to be done. There was still inequality towards African Americans and other minorities regarding interracial marriages, education, and employment. The Civil Rights Act was just a stepping stone towards equality and freedom for African Americans (Takaki, 2008, p. 17).

Generations of African Americans have passed and years of historic slavery have gone by and yet, reminders of African folklore, religion, language, and music remain. Unlike whites, African Americans brought with them the extended family network which involves caring for their children and older adults (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 116). Compared to other cultures, African American children are living in grandparent’s homes as they are traditionally chosen to be the caregivers (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 117).

Second to family, religion is next in line of importance to African Americans. The majority are members of Protestant and Baptist churches and more apt to attend than whites. African American churches also serve as community service centers and provide formal and informal social services for their community. There are several other religious groups that African Americans play a role in and two of them are Muslims and American-Muslims (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 117).

African Americans hold strong to many values along with those shared earlier involving family and religion. Some of the other values important to their culture are achievement and work orientation. When referring to low-income African Americans, it was found that the majority preferred work to welfare. Parents also highly valued education for their children and expected them to achieve high goals. In the working-class level, African Americans had more expectations than whites for their children to attend college. Furthermore, the working-poor blacks were more apt than whites to have more than one wage earner in the family (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 117).

Once African Americans were protected from discrimination, it didn’t mean they were protected from prejudice mistreatment. They had to repeatedly deal with their churches being burned down and being mistreated by law enforcement personnel because their skin was a different color, otherwise known as “racial profiling”. Federal studies and lawsuits found evidence of racial discrimination in that blacks get high-rate loans as opposed to whites and that lenders now target blacks for home buying so that they can lock in on the higher-rate loans. When looking at electoral standpoints, blacks who were elected to office mainly served their own communities and districts, and only hold a small share of offices in the United States.

The election of President Obama in 2008 marked a new beginning for African Americans and has yet to unfold how the role of African American leaders will change in the future (McKnown-Johnson & Rhodes, 2010, p. 130).

Works Cited

McKnown-Johnson, M. & Rhodes, R. (2010). Human Behavior and the Larger Social

            Environment: A New Synthesis. (2nd ed.). Boston, MA. Allyn & Bacon.

Skolnick, J.H. & Currie, E. (2011). Crisis in American Institutions. (14th ed.). Boston, MA. Allyn &


Takaki, R. (2008). A Different Mirror. New Hork, NY. Little, Brown, and Company. 

Farewell to an Icon: Minneapolis Public Schools administration strips one of Patrick Henry High School’s historical legacies

Editors note: Under interim superintendent Gore disparities in the MPS have started to climb exponentially; suspensions, hiring the wrong types of teachers and the lack of diversity within the district 1 headquarters, not to mention the classrooms. Now, without respect or notice, Patrick Henry High School’s historical legacies are being erased one-by-one.

By Ms. Susan Curnow Breedlove, Life-Long volunteer-MPS and Guest Contributor – Independent Business News Networks on Our Black News (Fair Use)

MPS Interim Superintendent Michael Goar is about to make the community ROAR! (photo: Fair Use)

MPS Interim Superintendent Michael Goar is about to make the community ROAR! (photo: Fair Use)

Minneapolis, Minn. – The past is currently being literally stripped from the walls of Patrick Henry High School. Despite my 19-years of voluntarily collaborating with others, of thoughtfully planning the theme, design and content of this display case, I was not considered privy as to why it is being discarded. I hear through the grapevine that this has been an administrative decision. (Note: the Principal is exiting the MPS District this coming Friday. A second administrator retired.)

The significance of this removal is symbolic of a recent pattern of casting aside individuals and historic items of PHHS.

Ellen Stewart Hebert and I envisioned this display case and accompanying bulletin board at the school entry as THE PLACE to: (1) welcome visitors, (2) connect school and community, (3) honor exemplary student work, (4) educate, and (5) provide a means of unifying the “PHHS family.” The PHHS Booster Club recently put fund raising spirit clothing in the glass enclosed bulletin board. It is now discarded.

To connect school and community, a “Common Threads” display exhibited items from community and PHHS family members: an African American Underground Railroad quilt, a Hmong story cloth, a European crocheted table cloth with a hidden message, and more. Annual display of student art work is a Spring favorite. The PHHS Black Student Union and I educated the public with the February 2015 exhibit, exhibiting over 80 items invented by African Americans. The May 2015 exhibit was a collaboration of 18 PHHS staff and students honoring individuals from 12 Asian cultures; bios, framed photos of honorees and contributors educated the viewers.

The climate of the building shifts with population changes and community happenings. For example, when there was an influx of immigrants from Africa a decade ago, I felt and heard discord within the student body. I researched contributions of African cultures and created a display of 75 items and practices used in the U.S. today that are rooted in Africa and tied it together with a vast poster map of that continent. When several Henry Patriots were feeling down and out by winter and loss in the community, I researched and created “Lights of the World” showing how world cultures illuminate darkness.

The planned demise of the welcome display case at Door #1 did not involve PHHS alumni, the PHHS Foundation, students, families, the Northside community, and 98% of the staff. There was no order by district officials or the fire department.

In addition to the loss of ambiance, of history (1929), of function, of spirit, what is the cost to tax payers for the removal of such a huge cabinet? And where and how will it go to another site? Perhaps with your voices, this icon can be put back in its place.

Time is of the essence.

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